Western Culture: The Greeks 4
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Western Culture 1-4: Greek Philosophers

The Philosophers covers the most important works of Plato and Aristotle as Wesley introduces students to the ideas that have been wrestled with by Western Civilization for over two thousand years.


The Philosophers is the fourth and last unit in The Greeks, year one in the Old Western Culture series. Wesley Callihan covers the most important works of Plato and Aristotle as he introduces students to the ideas that have been wrestled with by Western Civilization for over two thousand years.

Wesley draws from decades of teaching experience as he unpacks the concepts, dispels cliché myths, and explains how the Christian church and society at large has been influenced by the ideas of these Greek philosophers–both for good and for ill.

Greeks: The Philosophers contains a full color “Course Guide and Art Notes” booklet.

Authors covered in this unit: Aristotle and Plato.

License: This product is licensed for use by one family.

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Wesley Callihan


1/2 HS Philosophy or Humanities





WHAT IS “OLD WESTERN CULTURE”? “Old Western Culture” is a literature curriculum named after a term coined by C.S. Lewis to describe the fabric of ideas that shaped Western Civilization. For centuries | a “Great Books” education lay at the heart of what it meant to be educated. It was the education of the Church Fathers | of the Medieval Church | of the Reformers | and of all the Founding Fathers of the Unites States. It is a CLASSICAL EDUCATION | based on the great books of western civilization. It is a CHRISTIAN EDUCATION | which sees the history and literature of the West through the eyes of the Bible and historic Christianity. It is an INTEGRATED HUMANITIES CURRICULUM | bringing together literature | history | philosophy | doctrine | geography | and art. And it is a HOMESCHOOL oriented curriculum | made by homeschoolers with the needs of homeschooled in mind | including flexibility | affordability | and ease-of-use. We bring a master-teacher into your home | and encourage parents to gain an overview of Western Civilization themselves by watching the video lessons with their children.

HOW DOES OLD WESTERN CULTURE WORK? Old Western Culture is a video course. It is built around a master teacher | Wes Callihan. With decades of teaching experience | he guides students through the story of Western civilization. Each unit of The Greeks (year 1 of Old Western Culture) contains 12 video lessons (48 in year 1 | approx 30 min each).Each lesson begins with a brief review before jumping into summary | commentary | analysis | and inter-disciplinary connections of the works covered. After each lesson | students complete the assigned readings | and answer comprehension questions in the Student Workbook.

WHAT BOOKS ARE COVERED IN YEAR 1 | THE GREEKS? The Greeks is divided into 4 units: 1. The Epics. Works covered: The Iliad and The Odyssey2. Drama and Lyric. Works covered: A collection of Greek plays and poetry. 3. The Histories. Works covered: Herodotus | Thucydides | and Xenophon4. The Philosophers. Works covered: selected readings from Plato and Aristotle.

WHY DO PEOPLE LOVE WES CALLIHAN? Wes Callihan is a master story teller! With a remarkable ability to communicate a passion for history and literature | he makes profound ideas accessible | relevant | and interesting. Also known for his distinctive “rabbit trailers | ” forays into funny and obscure historical anecdotes | which have a way of showing up at the dinner table. (After all | rabbit trails are “hooks for the imagination and memory.”) Wes Callihan is a true classical scholar | fluent in both Latin and Greek. He lectures only from the notes in the margins of his worn copies of the Great Books.


The Philosophers:

  1. Overview of Greek philosophy, introduction to Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
  2. Plato: The Apology: Socrates, St. Paul, and The Doctrine of Wisdom
  3. Plato: The Crito and Phaedo: Socrates, Christianity, and the doctrine of body and soul
  4. Plato: The Phaedrus: Socrates, Augustine, Dante, C. S. Lewis, and the Dialectic of Desire; True teaching
  5. Plato: The Republic: understanding morality
  6. Plato: The Republic: The Forms and the influence on Medieval Christendom
  7. Aristotle: The Metaphysics: Aristotle, Aquinas, and the Doctrine of Wisdom
  8. Aristotle: The Metaphysics: the Cosmos in Antiquity and the Middle Ages
  9. Aristotle: The Ethics: Happiness the Chief End of Man
  10. Aristotle: The Ethics: Friendship
  11. Aristotle: The Poetics: Stories, Oedipus, and Jane Austen
  12. The Lessons of Greek Philosophy


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